It is the world’s largest modernist set of buildings, and is declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The union of history and architecture takes visitors back to the early twentieth century, to the years when Barcelona experienced its greatest urban development.
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The Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau consists of a set of designed by the architect Lluis Domenech i Montaner buildings also is declared Well of cultural interest
The hospital was designed to provide all services within the same and thus isolate the city. In designing streets, gardens, water supply buildings, a church and even a convent were shown.
There are two figures indicating the dates of start and end of the main building 1905 start date that is represented by the Greek letter alpha and the completion date, 1910, represented by the letter omega.
The entire premises was built between 1902 and 1930 in two phases: the first by Domènech himself, between 1902 and 1913, it consists of thirteen Modernist buildings; the second was made by his son Pere Domènech i Roura from 1920, it consists of six buildings of moderate modernism and other later buildings.
The Hospital is one of the oldest health institutions in Europe, Although not able to build all the original project, the notoriety of it was recognized with several awards.
The set was projected to occupy an area of 9 blocks of the Eixample district, in a square of 300 by 300 meters.
It consists of a main building dedicated to administration and 27 pavilions in which the medical and nursing tasks are developed. All buildings are connected by underground tunnels, are suitable for the transfer of patients. The technical facilities are outdoors, to facilitate maintenance.
Among all the buildings highlights the principal, administration, which is accessed by a wide staircase. On either side are the rooms of the library and secretariat. In a separate space is the church, which is impressive. However, the pavilions are also of great interest, especially since each of them is different from others.
The main entrance is oriented forty-five degrees from the Eixample facing the Sagrada Familia. It is believed that the reason for this approach is that Domenech i Montaner wanted to take the wind from the sea to ventilate the hospital and safeguard of diseases. Montaner is also believed that orients the entrance in this way to break the grid structure of the Eixample district, he did not like.
The entrance pavilion is built by brick face view as most of the set. Domènech i Montaner uses various architectural styles in a masterly and very tidy as we can see, are Gothic, neo-gothic, Mozarabic and Germanic architectural styles such as the clock tower.
Is where are the tent and 1902 Cafè Modernista, a space restore free access for público.Además in this building several heritage sites and multipurpose rooms that are available to companies and institutions are also concentrated for all kinds of events, seminars and professional meetings.
On the main façade are four sculptures of a young Pablo Gargallo representing the three theological virtues (faith, hope and charity) plus a fourth, the work, as Domènech i Montaner thought that man should prove these three virtues through their actions or works.
Inside the main pavilion is a structure of arches and columns representing a garden of medicinal plants since ancient times in hospitals such plants were cultivated to create their own medicines. Hospital San Pablo also thought to have medicinal garden behind the main entrance but ultimately not built.
Another important feature is that the hospital was intended to differentiate between men and women patients. On the right side are the pavilions of men who have names of saints, and part left the halls of women with names of saints or virgins. In fact at the main entrance was a door on the right wing for men and a door on the left wing for women.
A more curious in that concern the architect for harmony and symmetry reflects is that the pavilions that are near the main entrance are the smallest and grow in terms we enter the hospital to form a pleasant prospect in sight . They also say that the pavilions that are at the same height are equal, and the only difference is that one is dedicated to a saint and another a saint or virgin depending on whether it was a pavilion of men or women (right men and left women )
Over time the need for expansion has again become apparent, both the number of patients, such as technological advances in medicine and the growing teaching, because the hospital has university character nowadays.
During the second half of last century and were incorporated into the set some new buildings, of which the most important is the Institute of Urology (Fundació Puigvert), a private hospital devoted entirely to that specialty.
The architect Domenech i Muntaner had several artists who collaborated with him on the project. The main ones were Pablo Gargallo and Eusebio Arnau, who made numerous sculptures of the set, Francesc Labarta, who designed the paintings and mosaics, and Josep Perpinyà, who took charge of wrought iron elements.
Visit to the Hospital de Sant Pau
During the visit is a tour through the evolution of one of the oldest health institutions in Europe. It also explains how it was designed and built the enclosure and use Modernista now has the knowledge center of international scope.
The program allows visitors to learn about the most important work of Lluis Domenech i Montaner and the result of one of the most prominent rehabilitation processes in recent years.
The visit begins in the exhibition space of the Pavilion of the Administration. A video, an interactive table and other elements introduce the visitor to the heritage and artistic importance of the monuments, the historical evolution of the institution and its contribution to medicine.
Through the network of underground tunnels that connect the different buildings are accessed gardens. From them you can enjoy the outdoor beauty of all buildings. Cupolas, roofs, walls, sculptures and stained glass are the highlights.
Walking around this magnificent setting is accessed Sant Rafael Pavilion, where you can see inside as it was conceived in the early twentieth century. You can also access the Pavilion lobby of the Administration, Pau Gil Room and the room Domènech i Montaner, one of the noblest areas of greatest artistic importance of the building. The recommended route ends at the Pavilion Sant Jordi, a renovated space that hosts temporary exhibitions.
The itinerary of the visits can vary depending on space availability.
Free Tour: 8 €
gyided Tour: 14 €
The Historical Archives of the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau is one of the most important hospital records preserved today. This is a fund which, by its nature, reveals the history of Catalonia and Barcelona over more than 600 years.
In fact, the importance of the documentary was one of the reasons that led UNESCO to declare the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau World Heritage.
The Historical Archive currently occupies new spaces on the -1 floor and the 4th floor of the west wing of the Hall of Administration. Information service available to the user, reprographics service of research and exhibit of selected documents organized by historical and artistic fields. It also offers the possibility of concerted group visits to learn about this important documentary.
Sant Pau Recinte Modernista
C. Sant Antoni Maria Claret, 167 (cantonada C. Cartagena)