A unique landscape ..
Castellfollit de la Roca is a town of about 1,000 inhabitants, one of the smaller terms of Spain with less than 1 km2. It is the smallest of Catalonia and the second smallestin the province of Gerona.
It is limited by the confluence of the Fluvià and Toronell rivers, including the spectacular basalt wall rises. It is one or the most picturesque villages of Catalonia. The church and houses perched on the cliff of Castellfollit have become one of the most popular images of the region, one of the most photographed and painted images in Catalonia.
The basalt wall on which the town sits is over 50 m high and almost one kilometer in length, and is the direct consequence of the erosive action of the rivers Fluvià and Toronell on the remains of lava flows from volcanic eruptions that took place thousands of years ago. It is the result of the superimposition of two lava flows; The first, dating 217,000 years old, comes from the area of Batet and is made up of slabs, while the second, younger, is originally from volcanoes Begudà, has about 192,000 years and takes prismatic shapes.
Of medieval origin, it is formed by squares and narrow streets, for the most part, are built of volcanic stone.
At the end of the basaltic wall where the old cemetery of the village until 1961, when it was closed and moved to its current location it was, we find the square lookout Josep Pla.c A magnificent natural viewpoint from which they can observed the valleys of the two rivers and allows us to understand the strategic position of the town and its natural qualities for defense.
The town has many squares and open spaces where children can play and the highest standing. A good example is the Plaça de Catalunya, recently built and has become a hangout.
Near the old town, near the Fluvià and Toronell, it is an area of small plots cultivated by the villagers, separated by stone walls. The route alongside the orchards are part of a Natural Parc pedestrian itinerary that allows us, in addition to the basalt wall, discover elements of industrial archeology: canals and locks that divert water to the factories and Can Can Mulleras Xaudiera ( Montagut) to produce hydroelectric power.
The old church of Sant Salvador
The current building, remodeled several times, it is of late Renaissance style, with a square bell tower with openings on each side and topped by a dome adorned with small pilasters. A late Romanesque window and reused several blocks of basalt is preserved.
El Pont Trencat (The broken bridge)
The bridge was built on1908, is next to the road and has a long history of misfortune but soon after its construction was some stirrups were based on shifting land, a fact which caused the cracks, and therefore it was necessary I loathe.
Later, at the end of the Civil War, retreating Republicans blew up the bridge to prevent the passage to nationals. A few months ago he could be reused when the floods of 1940 caused the disappearance of two arches. This was the final misfortune: there never rebuilt again, but chose to build another bridge today.
The Museum of embutido
It was inaugurated in 1993 to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the granting of the first fiscal license from J. SALA RIERA. The permanent exhibition is a display of the history of preserving meat. At the Museum sevpueden see all sorts of tools used for meat processing throughout history, old machines, old photos, home videos massacre and dioramas depicting ancient process. Museum admission is free, plus a tasting of typical products of the region, also free, is offered.
Walking tours around Castellfollit de la Roca
Castellfollit de la Roca is the starting point for many excursions for walking, allowing you to discover privileged environments and fill the senses of feelings.
Castellfollit pedestrian Itinerary
The route number 13 of the Natural Park of the Volcanic Zone of the Garrotxa allows to cross the basalt wall and the most interesting places of the old town in about 45 minutes, and get closer to the history and culture of the town. Start at the car park near the junction with the road to Oix. From this point you cross the road and down towards the Fluvià. Follows the bank of the river and crosses later by a walkway. On the other side, the road continues, crosses the Toronell and up to the village along the old road, a stretch of the ancient Via Ania. The route runs through the streets of the old part of town to the Plaça de Sant Roc. Then down the road, take some steps to save the unevenness of the basaltic wall, cross the bridge over the Fluvià and arrives back to the parking lot where it has gone. But if you are left like walking, there are numerous routes starting and finishing in Castellfollit.
Excursion to Sanctuary del Cós (Montagut)
This route starts at the Plaça de Sant Roc (square where the Town Hall). From here we descend along the main road up the stairs at the entrance of the village. The go down and continue to the new bridge and cross it to reach the parking Parador, place from which you can enjoy an excellent view of the basaltic wall. Turning off will resume the march towards Oix, but then, on the right, find a poster that shows the direction that we must continue to go to the shrine of Cos. This path we will take is marked with green checkmarks features all the way. If we continue to arrive at a quarry, called Can Fisheries. From here, and still never follow the marks, we’ll go to the left until a forest road, which will continue for about 300 meters. Back to turn left, and soon pass by another abandoned quarry, that of Can Vinyoles. We continue to rise and, after a while, we arrive at Cos. From this peak, located 598 m. of altitude, you can enjoy excellent views of the Garrotxa. We also find two samples of architecture: the Church of Cos, which dates from 1105 (recently restored) and the castle of the year 1070.
From here hi d’opcions has diferents: If algú vol continue trobarà one rètol indicating els diferents camins per anar continue to Montagut, La Cometa or BE Sant Eudald. L’Altra opció is to make to Castellfollit de la Roca pel camí mateix. This route is signposted along its entire length.
Castellfollit de la Roca – sanctuary – Castellfollit of the Rock 8 km (2 h)
Castellfollit de la Roca – sanctuary – Montagut 7.5 km (1h 50 min)
Castellfollit de la Roca – sanctuary – Kite 6 km (1h 30 min)
Castellfollit de la Roca – sanctuary – Sant Eudald 10 km (2h 30 min)
How to get to Castellfollit de la Roca?
Parada de Castellfollit de la Roca: Parada de Bus – Carretera de Olot
- Teisa – Girona c/ Sardenya, 16 Tel. 972 20 02 75
- Teisa – Barcelona c/ Pau Claris, 117 (esquina con la calle Consell de Cent) Telef. 93 215 35 66
- Teisa – Figueres Pl. Estació, s/n 972 50 31 75
- Teisa – Olot c/ bisbe Lorenzana Telef. 972 26 01 96
- Web Teisa: http://www.teisa-bus.com