La Casa Amatller is a Modernist building in Barcelona Casa Batllo adjacent to and near the Casa Lleó Morera. It was designed by the architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch between 1898 and 1900. The three buildings form what is known as the apple of discord.
The building was commissioned by industrialist Antoni Amatller chocolate Josep Puig, who devised a model of urban gothic palace with a flat facade, a central courtyard and a staircase leading to the main rooms.
The style is a mix between Catalan Gothic and Flemish characterized by flat triangular shape of the top of the facade.
The lobby, as was quite normal at the time of its completion, was designed for the carriage entrance; has ornamentation and stained glass lamps with two staircases, the most decorated and sumptuous for passage to the main floor and the easiest for the rest of the floors.
The house depends since 1960 the Amatller Institute of Hispanic Art, a foundation created by the descendants of the photographer Antoni Amatller. It was declared a historic monument on January 9, 1976.
The facade of the house Amatller
On the facade can be seen the two asymmetric doors linked by a St. George by the sculptor Eusebi Arnau. For all the facade there is a graffito that binds with ceramics delicately.
There have different styles, from Romanesque to Baroque architect shied away from vertical alignment of its components, distributing an uneven number of openings on each floor, and looking, in addition, an effect of balanced asymmetry and a fictitious irregularity, since all dimensions are strictly predetermined horizontal from a module 55 cm, which coincides with the struts of the balcony.
The unique tiered crown headboard that serves to integrate the new photo studio built on the roof (which by law must be separated a few meters from the neighboring farms) with the rest of the building. It is a solution that the architect would take, who knows the habitual use made in more southern European lands, to solve the similar problem of houses between party and covered two aspects.
Puig gave the façade an important and innovative color component and a profuse sculptural decoration that make up a rich iconographic discourse. Combine the references to the name of the family (flowering branches Almond capitalized As in the grandstand / verse “the almond tree is flowering, good weather is approaching, with their nests ausells and sos doorknobs Roses” Dolores Monsardà -sogra Puig and Cadafalch-) concerning traditional: St. George, the dragon and the princess / vagabond, conditions the owner or, especially, about three balcony doors, an allegorical portrait of the same Antoni Amatller made up of symbolic images of the three activities that best defined: industry, arts and collecting archaeological glass.
The house Amatller reform was a radical transformation of the criteria set out in the widening Cerdà Plan Barcelona. With his speech, Puig broke classicist compositional schemes based on the symmetry and regularity, exceeded 22 meters in height regulations and added chromaticism as a leading element in the urban environment. That is, it was the introducer of the uniqueness factor in a context designed from uniformity, marking the emergence of Modernism in the Eixample district of Barcelona.
The intervention of Puig i Cadafalch also led to substantial modifications inside the building. Ground floor rearrange the spaces, removing one of the existing premises to link the interior to the needs of the main floor and turning the side facing the Paseo de Gracia in the entrance hall to the farm. Here the architect created a majestic space with ceramic railings and lampposts edge Seville with a double lighting system • lighting, as throughout the house, electricity and gas. Two important pillars on which rests the master wall and patio lights, the background, a leaded glass door that gave way to the garage Hispano-Suiza Mr. Amatller, the kitchen on the main floor and room service . On the right we find the courtyard, which awakens reminiscences of palaces Montcada street, with the staircase leading to the owner’s home, cobricelada by a spectacular skylight stained glass. Among the impressive corbels supporting the landing of the main, populated chocolatiers animals, the door leading to the staircase opens neighbors.
A couple with traditional Catalan dress, surrounded by musicians animals, occupies the doorpost of principal and leads us to the hall where the visitor finds a welcome message, “TEN OS DO GOOD MORNING AND GOOD TIME” format in Roman mosaic pavement. The property occupies the entire plant and its distribution is based on the classic Eixample albeit with significant changes introduced by Puig and Cadafalch, with the elimination of some walls and even some wall master duly replaced by arcades, for larger spaces.
In the first bay, next to the street, are the two bedrooms, the father (Antoni Amatller separated from his wife in 1877) and daughter, with majestic doors with the dedicated sculptural allegories, in the first, Collectables made thanks Savings and Intel · Intelligence, and the second, to the virtues of a girl: Diligence, Loyalty and Femininity. In between, the lounge, with the collaboration collection of archaeological glass in display cases expressly designed, and the “work room” as personal recollection stays for everyone.
Location of Casa Amatller
How to get to casa Amatller?
Autobuses: 7, 16, 17, 22, 24, 28
Metro: L2, L3, L4